Paintings - Dominicans, Tralee

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Dominican Saints found in Holy Cross Church

Painted in separate panels on the wall of the main isle are the representations of twelve Dominican Saints, namely:

Pope Saint Pius V - Born in 1504 in the Duchy of Milan. He entered the Dominican Order. He was appointed Inquisitor of Como. As his reformist zeal provoked resentment, he was compelled to return to Rome in 1550 and was elected to the Commissariat of the Holy Office. He was appointed Cardinal Bishop of Sutri. He became Bishop of Mondovi. In 1566 he was elected Pope, promulgating the 1570 Roman Missal (Tridentine Mass). This form of the Mass remained unchanged for 400 years. He died in 1572.

Pope Saint Benedict XI - Born 1240 in Treviso. He served as Master of the Order from 1296. At the time of the seizing of Pope Boniface VIII at Anagni, he was one of only two cardinals to defend the papal party in the Lateran Palace itself. He was elected Pope in 1303, and excommunicated King Philip IV's minister and all the Italians who had played a part in the seizure of Pope Boniface VIII. After a brief pontificate of eight months, Benedict XI died suddenly at Perugia in 1304.

Saint Thomas Aquinas - He was born in Italy in 1226. In 1244 Thomas joined the Dominicans. Thomas travelled to Paris where he studied theology at the university. In 1248 he went to Cologne to study under the instruction of St.Albert the Great. In 1252, he returned to teach in Paris and in 1259 he went to Rome to lecture the Papal Curia. Because of his writings and his clarity of thought he is acknowledged as the Prince of Catholic Theologians - his work Summa Theologia is unrivalled as an authority in Theology. St.Thomas died in 1274.

St.Dominic -Dominic de Guzman was born in 1170 in Spain. In 1203 he encountered the Albigensian heresy in the south of France. Dominic was a man of prayer and study, with a burning zeal for the salvation of souls, and wanting the truth of God’s message spread throughout the world. In 1216 he founded the Order of Friars Preachers (the Dominicans), which was approved by Pope Honorius III.  St.Dominic died in Bologna, on August 6th 1221 at the age of 51yrs.

St.Rose of Lima -  Born in 1586 at Lima (Peru). From her young days she imitated the life of St.Catherine of Siena who impressed her deeply. She became a Dominican Tertiary and lived a life of penance and austerity. Blessed by many extraordinary gifts which she used to help the poor and anyone who sought her aid. She is the first saint who was American born. She was canonised in 1671 and declared Patron Saint of South America.

St.Agnes of Montepulciano - Born in 1268 into a noble family. At a young age she entered the Monastery. In 1288 Agnes was selected as prioress. She gained a reputation for performing miracles: curing the sick and "multipling loaves". In 1306, Agnes established a convent of Dominican nuns in Gracciano. She presided over this convent until her death in 1317. After her death, her body was said to remain incorrupt rather than decomposing. It was reported that a perfume surrounds her body.

St.Albert the Great - Born in 1193 , he was a Dominican theologian, he gained the name “Universal Teacher” for his vast works, wisdom and learning. He is considered to be the greatest German philosopher and theologian of the Middle Ages. He was the first among medieval scholars to apply Aristotle's philosophy to Christian thought. He was appointed Bishop of Regensburg but resigned after three years to return to teachin. He died in 1280. The Church honors him as a Doctor of the Church, one of only 33 persons with that honor.

St.Antoninus – Born in 1389 he entered the Dominican order in his 16th year. Soon, in spite of his youth, he was with the government of various houses of his order at Cortona, Rome, Naples and Florence, which he labored zealously to reform, and establised the convent of San Marco in Florence. He was maded Archbishop of Florence in 1446 and won the esteem and love of his people, especially by his energy and resource in combating the effects of the plague and earthquake in 1448 and 1453. Antoninus lived a life of austerity as archbishop. He died in 1459.

St.Vincent Ferrer - Born in 1350 of Anglo-Scottish decent. As a child he would fast on Wednesdays and Fridays and he loved the Passion of Christ very much. He join the Dominicans and studied philosophy and theology. He became a Master of Sacred Theology and was commissioned to deliver lectures on philosophy. For twenty-one years he was said to have traveled to Aragon, Castile, Switzerland, France, Italy, England, Ireland, and Scotland, preaching the Gospel and converting many. Later he became Bishop of Cartagena and later Archbishop of Burgos. He died in 1419 in Brittany.

St.John of Cologne - joined the Dominicans in Cologne and was sent to Holland, where he worked as a parish priest. Anti-Spanish and Protestant soldiers had become a lawless army of pirates. Reproached by the clergy, they turned on the Church and laid siege to the city of Gorkum, capturing it after a struggle. All the clergy in Gorkum were imprisoned. John left his parish and entered Gorkum in disguise in order to give whatever assistance he might and to dispense the sacraments. Eventually, he also was taken prisoner and subjected to cruel torture. He was hanged in 1572.

St.Peter Verona - Born in in 1206 in Verona. He went to a Catholic school, and then to the University of Bologna. At the age of fifteen, met St.Dominic. He joined the Dominicans and became a celebrated preacher throughout Italy, especially against the heresy of the Cathars. In 1252 he was  appointed an Inquisitor. He evangelized nearly the whole of Italy. Crowds came to meet him and followed him; conversions were numerous. He was killed by an assassin hired by Milanese Cathars in 1252, when returning from Como to Milan.

Saint Louis Bertrand,  Born: 1 January 1526. He was a Spanish Dominican who preached in South America during the 16th century, and is known as the "apostle of the Americas". He was appointed to the office of master of novices, in the convent at Valencia, the duties of which he discharged at different intervals for an aggregate of thirty years. When the plague broke out in Valencia in 1557 he devoted himself to the sick and dying; the dead he prepared for burial and interred with his own hands He is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. Died:  9 October 1581 (aged 55).

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